Why are Java developers in high demand?
As of 2022, Java is the third most popular programming language, utilized by 9.4 million developers and countless devices globally.
Java is pivotal in the development of all native Android applications and is employed by 90% of Fortune 500 companies for server-based backend development. Additionally, its applications extend to desktop and mobile computing, game development, and numerical computing.
In 2023, Java remains a top choice in programming thanks to its awesome “Write Once, Run Anywhere” feature. This makes it super versatile and a go-to for many developers.
Java will continue to be a widely-used and flexible programming language, used in various applications such as:
- Web Application Development
- Mobile Application Development
- Enterprise Application Development (banking & finance systems, healthcare systems, supply chain management systems,…)
- Internet of Things (IoT)
- Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)
- Game Development
Factors that affect offshore Java Developers rates
Businesses are increasingly turning to offshore software development. It’s a smart move for cost saving, tapping into a wider range of IT talent pool, and keeping up in the super-fast tech world. However, the rates for offshore java developers can vary widely depending on several factors. In this article, we’re going to break down the main things that affect how much offshore java developers cost:
Where the offshore software engineer is located makes a big difference in how much they cost. Take a Java developer in Asia for instance, offshore destinations such as India or Vietnam are popular for offering competitive pricing due to lower labor costs and a large pool of IT talents. Eastern European spots like Poland are also known for great prices and still delivering top-notch software development.
Meanwhile, countries with a higher cost of living and greater demand for technology services tend to have higher rates.
Experience and Expertise
How skilled and experienced a Java developer is perhaps the next most significant factor impacting their rate. Junior developers, or those with limited experience, usually have lower rates due to their relatively narrow skill set and might need a bit more guidance. On the other hand, senior developers with a wealth of experience, specialized knowledge, and a proven track record of successful projects can negotiate higher rates.
Furthermore, developers who have contributed to open-source projects or have a strong portfolio can usually go for higher rates. It’s all about showing off their skills and how good they are at problem-solving abilities.
English language proficiency
Effective communication is essential for the success of any offshore development project. Java developers who are proficient in English can usually demand higher rates due to the ease of smoother conversations and cutting down on any misunderstandings.
Being able to clearly share ideas, get what the project needs, and work well with different teams is highly valued and often reflected in a developer’s rate.
Project Complexity and Scope
The bigger and more complicated a software development project is, the more it’s likely to cost. Large-scale, intricate projects that require extensive planning, research, and technical prowess are likely to come with higher costs. Also, if a project keeps changing or has super tight deadlines, it’s going to need more resources. That means higher rates to make sure everything gets done right and on time.
Type of Employment
Freelancers may set their rates depending on how complex the project is, how long it’ll take, and how flexible their schedule is. Contracted developers working through outsourcing agencies usually have their rates set by the agency, which includes an extra charge for the agency’s services. Full-time offshore employees might have a different way of setting rates, considering things like benefits and the costs that come with a full-time job. Each type of employment has its own set of expectations and costs, which plays a part in how much they charge overall.
What is the average salary of Java Developers in China, Vietnam, Poland, Brazil and Argentina?
Average Java Developer Salary in China
On average, Java developers in China earn around $4000 per year. Junior developers earn around $2900 per month, middle developers— $4000; and senior developers—$5100.
Average Java Developer Salary in Vietnam
According to Glassdoor, the estimated total pay for a Java Developer in Vietnam is $1721 per month (including base pay and additional pay). The average salary for junior-middle developers is $1500-$3500 per month, senior developers —$3000-$5000 per month, and tech lead—$4500-$6000/month. These salaries are specifically for professionals who are proficient in English. For candidates who are not fluent in English, the rates are usually 20% lower.
Average Java Developer Salary in Poland
The median income for Poland Java developers is $3282 per month. Junior developers $1500-$2400/month, middle level earn around $2400-$4500 per month. Senior developers can make up to $6700 per month, and technical lead —$3600-$6600/month.
Average Java Developer Salary in Brazil
The median income for remote Backend Java developers in Brazil is between US$24,000 and US$100,000 per year. Junior developers make around $2000-$3500 per month, middle developers—$3500-$5800, and senior developers—$5800-$8300. These salary ranges are inclusive of benefits (if hiring on payroll), or in lieu of benefits (if hiring contractors), and only takes into consideration professionals with working English proficiency.
Average Java Developer Salary in Argentina
On average, remote Backend Java developers in Argentina earn between $18000-$90000 per year. Junior developers earn around $1500-$3300 per month, middle developers— $3300-$5000; and senior developers—$5000-$7500 per month. The mentioned salaries are also specifically for professionals who are proficient in English.
What to look out for when hiring offshore Java Developers for US companies?
Wondering which country’s software development scene best suits your tech needs? Think about factors like government support, talent availability, time efficiency, and accessibility – whether you’re a large corporation or a SME/startup, there’s a perfect fit for every requirement.
We’ll dive into the key criteria that shed light on the pros and cons of each country, helping you make an informed choice among the top offshore java developers nations:
- Time zone difference
- Technical education, Level of resources available & Skills
- English language proficiency
Time Zone Difference
China is 13 hours ahead of Washington, DC, USA. This alignment provides excellent off-hour coverage for U.S. companies, which in turn streamlines project management and fosters robust international collaboration.
The major urban hubs in Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi are around 12-15 hours ahead of the US depending on the states. This time difference offers a unique advantage in terms of workflow and productivity. When the US team finishes their workday, their Vietnamese counterparts are just starting theirs. This allows for almost continuous progress on projects. For example, a US company can pass on tasks or project updates at the end of their day, and the Vietnamese team can pick these up at the start of their next working day, effectively creating a 24-hour work cycle. This can significantly accelerate project timelines and enhance productivity.
Located in the heart of Europe, Poland’s time zone, which is just 6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, USA, facilitates significant overlap in business hours, enhancing the real-time communication and collaboration between these regions.
Brazil & Argentina
Hiring offshore developers from Brazil and Argentina offers a significant advantage for U.S. companies due to the overlapping time zones. Situated within the GMT-3 time zone, these countries provide a convenient 5-8 hour overlap with the U.S. workday. This alignment facilitates easier collaboration, allowing software engineers to participate in real-time meetings, receive immediate feedback, and make prompt progress in their tasks.
However, by focusing solely on regions with similar working hours, US companies may miss out on the opportunity of the full potential of a 24-hour work cycle. They could also be limiting their access to a wider pool of talent. Developers in regions like Asia, though working in significantly different time zones, bring diverse perspectives and skills that can enrich the development process. This diversity can lead to more creative solutions and innovative approaches to problem-solving.
Technical education, Level of resources available & Skills
China places a strong emphasis on technical education and has numerous universities and institutions that offer programs in IT and related fields. The country has also established over 100 science and technology industry parks throughout the country. China is also expected to graduate more than 77,000 STEM PhD students annually by 2025, surpassing the approximately 40,000 in the United States.
According to HackerRank, Chinese developers sit at the top of the “Best Developers” list globally. This demonstrates that China not only possesses abundant resources but also serves as the breeding ground for a multitude of IT talents. China has stood as an ideal destination for sourcing offshore developers.
Vietnam has become a fertile ground for cultivating tech talent. In 2024, the number of software engineers in Vietnam is around 530,000, with universities and private institutions producing about 57,000 IT professionals annually. IT universities in Vietnam have been particularly successful in nurturing talents and equipping them with valuable skills before they enter the job market. 79% of the Hanoi University of Science and Technology’s students (Top 1 IT university in Vietnam) in 2023 secured jobs before even receiving their diplomas.
Furthermore, many students from Vietnam’s top IT universities have earned impressive awards and distinctions by excelling in well-known global IT competitions (Hack A Day 2023, AI Challenge 2023,…). This underscores the high quality of education and the great potential of Vietnam’s IT talents.
According to TopDev Vietnam IT Vietnam Tech Talent Report 2023, Vietnam ranks in the top 10 countries producing the most engineers, following Russia, the United States, Iran, Japan, South Korea, Indonesia, Ukraine, Mexico, and France. Additionally, in the same report, Vietnam is also ranked 6th among the leading countries in software outsourcing services (2021).
Poland is well-known for its significant investment in education, especially in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Technology). With 21 universities featured in the World University Ranking 2023, the country is home to many world-leading universities, including the Warsaw University of Technology and the Jagiellonian University in Cracow.
The emphasis on STEM Education in universities may be a primary reason for Poland’s 3rd place ranking for programming skills on Hackerrank. The report also highlights Poland’s remarkable achievement of securing the 1st place ranking for Java developers globally. This underscores the country’s expertise and proficiency in one of the most widely used programming languages.
According to data collected in the Future of IT report 2023 by Emerging Europe, the number of programmers in the Central and Eastern European region counts 1.6 million people, about a sixth of them live and work in Poland (250,000). Over 78,000 tech students graduate from Polish universities each year.
With a total of 500,000 software developers, Brazil has emerged as the largest tech talent pool in the Latin American region. According to the BRASSCOM IT Human Resource Market Survey, Brazil is expected to welcome around 237,000 new people into the IT workforce between 2021 and 2025. These talents will emerge from 120 scientific and technology institutes and 400 incubators operating across the country.
Brazil also boasts a strong presence in academic excellence, with numerous colleges and institutions ranking among the best on a global scale. Notably, the University of Sao Paulo (USP) shines as a top performer. The University of Sao Paulo secured the second-highest ranking in Latin America and earned a spot among the world’s top 85 institutions in engineering and technology, as indicated by the QS Rankings.
Argentina has become known as one of the best places for offshore software development, with an impressive talent pool of over 115,000 professionals involved in offshore software development as of 2022. According to CESSI, this number will rise to 500,000 by 2030, which means companies can leverage even more developers from this region.
When it comes to development skills, Argentinians rank among the top countries, boasting an impressive technology skill proficiency rate of 93%, as reported by Coursera’s 2021 Global Skills Index.
The country has also actively fostered its tech ecosystem by establishing tech parks that serve as dynamic hubs for startups and industry professionals. Notable examples include Parque Austral, Buenos Aires IT Hub, Córdoba Technology Cluster, as well as other innovation centers in Bahia Blanca, Mendoza, La Plata, and Rosario.
English language proficiency
China holds the 82nd global ranking in the category of Low Proficiency when it comes to English proficiency. In fact, out of China’s vast population of 1.4 billion people, only 10 million can communicate in English effectively. This language barrier presents a significant challenge for many multinational employers seeking to conduct business within the country.
Technical documentation, code reviews, and discussions related to software development are often conducted in English. Low English proficiency can make it challenging for Chinese software engineers to fully engage in these critical processes, potentially affecting the quality and efficiency of software development projects.
Vietnam’s English proficiency is moderate overall but in practice has little technical focus on the language. According to the EF English Proficiency Index 2023 (EPI), Vietnam secured the 7th spot in Asia and ranked 58th worldwide. While English proficiency may not be highly technical, this level of competence, coupled with the nation’s adaptability to various business cultures, enables effective communication and collaboration with international clients and partners.
Poland holds the impressive 13th position globally on the EPI, ahead of Switzerland and France. Nearly one-third of the projects outsourced to Poland originate from the US or the UK. This strong English proficiency in Poland ensures effective communication without significant language barriers, making it a strategic choice for international collaborations.
As of the latest data available on the EPI 2023, Brazil’s overall English proficiency level falls into the “Low Proficiency” category with 70th position. Low English proficiency can lead to communication challenges, especially when working on international projects with team members, clients, or partners who primarily use English. Miscommunications, delays, and misunderstandings can arise, potentially affecting project timelines and outcomes.
In Argentina, English is an integral part of the education system, ensuring that developers become fluent in the language. Argentine developers also learn other languages to facilitate smooth communication when working on software projects. Argentina is ranked 28th globally for English proficiency. The ability to communicate in various languages offers Argentina’s IT industry a competitive advantage since it allows them to better relate to overseas clients.
How to save your budget & effort when hiring offshore Java Developers?
Hiring a Java development team from another country can be time-consuming. Dealing with local labor laws, taxes, and employee benefits can be a lot to handle.
But don’t worry, we’re here to make it easier for you to tap into the amazing tech talent in Vietnam – one of the most cost-effective destinations for offshore development.
For over 8 years, we’ve been working with startups and companies in Singapore and the US. We help them find and assess the right candidates for their tech teams, all while keeping costs in check.
Curious about how it all works? Contact us right away!